40+ American Civil War Statistics/Facts [2022]

Here are 20 American Civil War statistics and facts (these are the most up to date facts from 2022!).

The following statistics cover a wide variety of topics including the civil war death toll, the bloodiest battles, North/South demographics, racial demographics of the Union and Confederate armies, number of factories in the North and the South and much more!

Battles

  • The bloodiest battle of the American Civil War was the Battle of Gettysburg with 51,000 casualties (Statista)
  • The bloodiest single day of the American Civil War was Antietam with 23,000 casualties (History)
  • There were 34,624 casualties during the Battle of Chickamauga (Statista)
  • There were 30,000 casualties during the Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse (Statista)
  • There were 29,800 casualties during the Battle of the Wilderness (Statista)
  • There were 24,000 casualties during the Battle of Chancellorsville (Statista)

Population Statistics

  • There was 31,443,321 people in the American population in 1860, prior to the American Civil War (The Latin Library)
  • 2.5% of the population died during the American Civil War (PBS)
  • If 2.5% of the population died today, that would be 7 million people (PBS)
  • 2.1 million people fought for the Union forces (PBS)
  • 880,000 people fought for the Confederate forces (PBS)

Casualties Statistics

  • 750,000 people died during the American Civil War (Facing History)
  • 1 in 5 soldiers died during the Civil War (NPS)
  • Around 1.5 million is the number of casualties of the Civil War (Battlefield)
  • 40% of American Civil War dead were never identified (PBS)
  • ⅔ of all Civil War dead came from disease, not the battlefield (PBS)
  • 211,411 Union soldiers were taken captive (NPS)
  • 462, 634 Confederate soldiers were taken captive (NPS)
  • 15.5% was the mortality rate for Union captives (NPS)
  • 12% was the mortality rate for Confederate captives (NPS)
  • Until the Vietnam War, the number killed in the Civil War surpassed all other wars in American history combined (including the Mexican War, World War I and World War II) (History)
  • 360,222 Union deaths (NPS)
  • 258,000 Confederate deaths (NPS)
  • One in thirteen surviving Civil War soldiers returned home missing one or more limbs (History)
  • 303,356 Union soldiers were reinterred in 74 congressionally mandated national cemeteries by 1871 (History)
  • Before the Civil War, there were no national cemeteries (History)

African American Soldiers

  • There were 4 million slaves in America in 1860 (PBS)
  • 180,000 African Americans served in the American Civil War (PBS)
  • 40,000 African Americans died during the American Civil War (Archives)
  • 66% of African American soldiers who died were never identified (PBS)
  • 9:1 Ratio of African American Civil War troops who died of disease to those that died on the battlefield, largely due to discriminatory medical care (History)
  • 178,975 African American Union Civil War soldiers served (NPS)

Native American Soldiers

  • 3,530 Native Americans served in the Union Army (NPS)

North vs. South

  • Union privates received $13 wages (The MUA)
  • Confederate soldiers received $11 wages (The MUA)
  • There were 20,000 miles of railroad tracks in the North (NPS)
  • There were 9,000 miles of railroad tracks in the South (NPS)
  • There were 1,700 miles of railroad tracks in the Border States (NPS)
  • There were 101,000 factories in the North (NPS)
  • There were 21,000 factories in the Confederacy (NPS)
  • There were 9,000 factories in the Border States (NPS)
  • South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union (NPS)

2 thoughts on “40+ American Civil War Statistics/Facts [2022]

Add yours

  1. Thanks for you efforts in compiling this information. The Civil War has always fascinated me. I did a 6 week trip visiting the major battlefields in 2020. Your facts are really interesting.

  2. Après lecture, une chose est à retenir, malgré le manque de tout, je dis bien de tout, le sud a fait plus mal au nord que le nord sur le sud, l’intelligence militaire était au sud.

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